General process of manual polishing

Update:30-01-2021
Summary:

(1) Manual whetstone grinding, strip whetstone plus ker […]

(1) Manual whetstone grinding, strip whetstone plus kerosene as lubricant or coolant. The general order of use is #180~#240~#320~#400~#600~#800~#1000. Many mold manufacturers choose to start with #400 in order to save time.

(2) Semi-precision polishing Semi-precision polishing mainly uses sandpaper and kerosene. The number of sandpaper is #400~#600~#800~#1000~#1200~#1500. In fact, #1500 sandpaper only uses die steel suitable for hardening (above 52HRC), not pre-hardened steel, because it may cause burns on the surface of pre-hardened steel. 

(3) Fine polishing   fine polishing mainly uses diamond abrasive paste. If the polishing cloth wheel is mixed with diamond abrasive powder or abrasive paste for polishing, the usual polishing order is 9μm (#1800) ~ 6μm (#3000) ~ 3μm (#8000). 9μm diamond abrasive paste and polishing cloth wheel can be used to remove hair-like wear marks left by #1200 and #1500 sandpaper. Then use sticky felt and diamond paste for polishing, the order is 1μm (#14000) ~ 1/2μm (#60000) ~ 1/4μm (#100000). 

The polishing process with accuracy requirements above 1μm (including 1μm) can be carried out in a clean polishing room in the mold processing workshop. For more precise polishing, an absolutely clean space is necessary. Dust, smoke, dandruff and saliva can all scrap the high-precision polished surface obtained after hours of work.

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